The process that involves management of business materials in physical terms, right from the procurement process, storage and transportation, its safe handling from the premises of business to consignment destination is known as Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
Logistic businesses form a link between suppliers, producers, distributors, retailers and consumption units. Thus they link together almost all the industries like automobiles, clothing & apparel, international trade, food & grocery and retail etc. With the expansion of global supply chains, the career prospects in this upcoming field in India are enormous.
Logistics is generally the detailed organization and implementation of a complex operation. In a general business sense, logistics is the management of the flow of things between the point of origin and the point of consumption in order to meet requirements of customers or corporations. The resources managed in logistics can include physical items such as food, materials, animals, equipment, and liquids; as well as abstract items, such as time and information. The logistics of physical items usually involves the integration of information flow, material handling, production, packaging, inventory, transportation, warehousing, and often security.
In military science, logistics is concerned with maintaining army supply lines while disrupting those of the enemy, since an armed force without resources and transportation is defenseless. Military logistics was already practiced in the ancient world and as new military have a significant need for logistics solutions, advanced implementations have been developed. In military logistics, logistics officers manage how and when to move resources to the places they are needed.