Known as the capital of the Chalukya Dynasty, the group of monuments at Pattadakal is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Despite of being built by the south Indian kingdoms, the architectural styles displayed here crosses various styles such as Nagara, Dravidian, Rekha and Prasada in their designs. The temples were mostly built during the 6th and the 8th centuries providing them with a vast historic value.
The tiny village of Pattadakal is situated on the banks of the Malaprabha river. Referred to as Petrigal by Ptolemy, Pattadakal was later known variously as Raktapura (Red Town) & Pattadakal Kisuvolal . This place reached its pinnacle of glory under the Chalukyas from the seventh to the ninth centuries functioning as a royal commemorative site. The group of about ten temples, surrounded by numerous minor shrines & plinths, represents the climax of early Western Chalukyan Architecture. King Vikramaditya II (734 – 745 AD) and his art loving queens Lokmahadevi & Trailkyamahadevi, brought sculptors from Kanchipuram to create fantasies in stone in Pattadakal .