The word Psychology is derived from a Greek word Psyche which means “soul” or “mind”. It has evolved both from biology and philosophy. It is a science that deals with the systematic study of human as well as animal mind. Thoughts, behaviours, motives, reactions, feelings and emotions etc come under the scope of this subject.
The studies concerning Psychology are conducted on the scientific basis where conclusions are drawn on the empirically tested data and beginning is done on the basis of hypothesis. Thus these studies are highly structured. There are two main areas and they are Applied Psychology and Academic Psychology which includes Social Psychology, Personality Psychology and Development Psychology.
Psychological practise involves examination and treatment of mental as well as emotional disorders and their causes. A qualified and trained Psychologist tries to find answers to these problems and formulates methods of treatment. For e.g a Psychologists help us to find ways to overcome the high stress levels or he would be helping us in overcoming crisis situation or trauma.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, embracing all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thought. It is an academic discipline and a social science which seeks to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles and researching specific cases.
In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, behavioral, or cognitive scientist. Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in individual and social behavior, while also exploring the physiological and biological processes that underlie cognitive functions and behaviors.