Home school student ACID BASE QUIZ



scientia221Acid Base Quiz

What is an Acid?

Acids in solution have a pH below 7.0, a sour taste, releases hydroxyl ions in water, and turn litmus paper red.

Arrhenius defined an acid is any substance that produces
H+ ions or H3O+ ions in water.
H+ ions are called hydrogen ions,
H3O+ ions are called hydroxonium ions.

What is a Base?

A substance that will neutralise an acid,
but does not dissolve in water, is called a base.
For example,
copper(II) oxide, iron(II) oxide and zinc carbonate are bases,
they do not dissolve in water

1. True or false? Bases change litmus paper to blue.
2. True or false? Ammonia is an acid.
3. True or false? Properties of acids include being corrosive and having a sour taste.
4. True or false? Sulfuric acid is known as a strong acid.
5. True or false? Base solutions have a pH below 7.
6. True or false? The chemical formula for sulfuric acid is H2SO4.
7. True or false? Lemons contain citric acid.
8. True or false? An alkali is an acid.
9. True or false? An anion is an ion with more electrons than protons, giving it a negative charge.
10. True or false? Neutral solutions have a pH of 0.
11. True or false? Acids change litmus paper to red.
12. True or false? The word acid comes from the Latin word acidus (meaning sour).
13. True or false? The chemical formula for sodium hydroxide is NaH.
14. True or false? A cation is an ion with more protons than electrons, giving it a positive charge.
15. True or false? Acetic acid gives vinegar a sour taste and strong smell.
16. True or false? Acid solutions have a pH above 7.
17. True or false? Formic acid is found in bee venom.
18. True or false? Sodium hydroxide is known as a weak base.
19. True or false? DNA is an abbreviation for deoxyribonucleic acid.
20. True or false? Potassium hydroxide contains potassium, oxygen and helium.

Acid Base Quiz Answers

1. True
2. False
3. True
4. True
5. False
6. True
7. True
8. False
9. True
10. False – 7
11. True
12. True
13. False – NaOH
14. True
15. True
16. False
17. True
18. False
19. True
20. False – Hydrogen not helium

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