Home CBSE Syllabus Sociology Class XII Syllabus

Sociology Class XII Syllabus


Exam Structure

Unit Topic Marks
A. Indian Society 32
Introducing Indian Society (Non-evaluative) – 
Demographic Structure & Indian Society 6
Social Institutions-Continuity and change
Market as a Social Institution
Pattern of Social Inequality and Exclusion
Challenges of Cultural Diversity
Suggestions for Project Work (Non-evaluative) – 
B. Change and Development in Indian Society 48 
Structural Change
Cultural Change
10  The Story of Democracy
11  Change and Development in Rural Society
12  Change and Development in Industrial Society
13  Globalization and Social Change
14  Mass Media and Communications
15  Social Movements
  Total 80


Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society 

  • Colonialism, Nationalism, Class and Community

Unit 2: Demographic Structure and Indian Society

  • Theories and concepts in demography
  • Rural-Urban Linkages and Divisions

Unit 3: Social Institutions: Continuity and Change

  • Family and Kinship
  • The Caste System

Unit 4: Market as a Social Institution

  •  Sociological perspectives on markets and the economy.
  • Globalization – Interlinking of Local, Regional, National and International Markets.

Unit 5: Pattern of Social Inquality and Exclusion

  • Caste Prejudice, Scheduled Castes and Other Backward Classes
  • Marginalization of Tribal Communities
  • The Struggle for Women’s Equality
  • The struggles of the Differently Abled

Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity

  • Cultural communities and the nation state
  • Problems of Communalism, Regionalism and Casteism
  • The Nation state, religion related issues and identities
  • Communalism, secularism and the nation state
  • State and Civil Society

Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work


Unit 8: Structural Change 

  • Colonialism, Industrialization, Urbanization

Unit 9: Cultural Change 

  • Modernization, Westernization, Sanskritisation, Secularization
  • Social Reform Movements and Laws

Unit 10: The Story of Democracy 

  • The Constitution as an instrument of Social Change
  • Parties, Pressure Groups and Democratic Politics
  • Panchayati Raj and the Challenges of Social Transformation

Unit 11: Change and Development in Rural Society 

  • Land Reforms, Green Revolution and Emerging Agrarian society
  • Agrarian Structure : Caste & class in Rural India
  • Land Reforms
  • Green revolution and its social consequencess
  • Transformation in Rural Society
  • Globalization, Liberalization and Rural Society

Unit 12: Change and Development in Industrial Society 

  • From Planned Industrialization to Liberalization
  • Getting a Job
  • Work Processes

Unit 13: Globalisation and Social Change

  • Dimensions of Globalization

Unit 14: Mass Media and Communication

  • Types of Mass Media: Radio, Television and Print Media
  • Changing Nature of Mass Media

Unit 15: Social Movements 

  • Theories and Classification of Social Movements
  • Class-Based Movements: Workers, Peasants
  • Caste-Based Movements: Dalit Movement, Backward Castes, Trends in Upper Caste Responses
  • Women’s Movements in Independent India
  • Tribal Movements
  • Environmental Movements
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